Orthodontics, also called dental orthodontics, is a specialization of dentistry which deals specifically with the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of maladjusted jaws and teeth, and related misalignments. It also takes care of fixing facial growth, called dentofacial orthodontics. It is usually subdivided into two main areas: orthodontics and prosthodontics. In orthodontics, bones which have been misaligned are realigned; in prosthodontics, artificial limbs are built or fixed to replace those that have been lost. Thus, orthodontics aims at correcting the various problems related to crooked, elongated, over-bite, under-bite, spaced teeth, gum recessions, malocclusion, jaw disorders, jaw pain, swelling, asymmetry, speech problems, and other abnormalities of the teeth and jaw.
The most common problems related to malocclusion are adult anorexia, which cause the adult's upper facial and maxilla bone to shorten; and adult denture malocclusions, which are pockets of bone, located between the gum and the maxilla, that cause the adult to droop over the teeth. Orthodontics treatment involves treating these conditions in order to correct malocclusion. Another common problem in orthodontics treatment is misalignment of the teeth, especially in children. Teeth misalignment is caused by a number of factors such as his positioning of the upper and lower teeth during growth, prematurity, genetic disorders, habitual tongue biting, and inadequate muscle support. A qualified orthodontist can diagnose and treat orthodontic problems of this type. Cosmetic dentistry procedures are used for straightening the teeth, for example braces and implants.
Orthodontics treatment for adults usually includes jaw exercises that help strengthen the muscles of the jaw and decrease the stresses placed on the tendons. This helps to stabilize the jaw and reduce headaches, fatigue, neck pain, insomnia, anxiety, and facial pain. In addition, the person's posture is improved, as the patient will have a better body posture. This affects their mouth posture, face, chest, and upper arms.
A major part of orthodontics treatment is using the latest technology, such as appliances called Brillo pads. The Brillo pads are made of a silicone gel, which helps to reduce the impact on the bones of the jaw. This helps to align the teeth more closely, without having to cut the patient's natural teeth. One drawback of using braces is that they are not always effective, especially for teens. Also, metal braces are generally only used on teeth that are still growing, as adult dental implants require a great amount of work on the jaw bone.
Some orthodontists use various forms of Invisalign as an additional orthodontics treatment for adults. Invisalign is a clear plastic aligner that fits over the teeth and aligns them into a perfect smile. It is removable and leaves no noticeable marks on the face, unlike metal braces. However, like traditional braces, it does not correct jaw abnormalities. Orthodontics patients can choose whether to use Invisalign or conventional braces. Patients who wish to avoid wearing braces need to get their teeth reshaped before applying Invisalign. Check out more here about clear braces.
Cosmetic dentists also provide orthodontics treatment for adults. They use Invisalign or similar devices to improve the alignment of the teeth. These devices, such as Invisalign aligners, clear up the gaps between teeth, making it easier for the orthodontic patients to brush and floss. This treatment is especially beneficial to children with crooked, crowded, overlong or poorly positioned teeth.
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